Pests are, arguably, one of the most common problems faced by humans engaging in all sorts of human activities. They are detrimental to farmers growing crops, to livestock, and even in a regular household. Hence, it is extremely important to practice effective pest control.
Traditionally, pests have always been controlled by chemical means. These chemicals are, more often than not, extremely toxic in nature. This makes the use of environmentally friendly methods of pest control and non-toxic pest control even more important and necessary in our daily lives.
Non-toxic pest control is a new, recently developed concept. It has many advantages over traditional pest control methods. Natural pest control methods are safer and cause lesser harm to the environment. Since they are based on organic products, they continue to be effective for a much longer time than chemical pest control. Longer lifespan means that continuous reapplication of the medicine becomes unnecessary. This allows the crops to grow naturally with minimum interference from humans.
Some of the most common organic and non-toxic pest control methods are-
- Diatomaceous Earth
This non-toxic pest control substance is made up of the fossilized remains of diatoms (tiny animals). It is used in the form of highly abrasive powder. This powder causes fatal damage to the exoskeletons of pests and other small insects. Since it is in the form of a powder, it is quite safe for children and pets. It does not damage furniture either.
- Boric Acid
Boric acid is also a highly effective non-toxic pest controller. Boric acid kills pests by forcing their bodies to release the moisture that they need to keep themselves alive. Boric acid should be used in dry conditions for it to be most effective, as moisture renders it useless.
- Pesticide-free traps
Pesticide-free traps are usually used to capture bigger insects like rodents and rats. They usually come with sticky, glue-like substance. This glue sticks to the bodies of the pest when they come near the trap. They are popular in houses rather than in farms.