Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The virus attacks the CD4 cells, which are the essential constituents of the immune system of the human body. It damages the immunity power of the body making it vulnerable to all types of infections. These simple infections might turn extremely critical and sometimes even cause death since the body is unable to fight against the diseases. Proper and timely HIV medication is essential in this case.
Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
The most important point to remember here is that there is a great difference between symptoms of HIV and the symptoms of the advanced stage of HIV. There is no effective HIV medication till now that can cure HIV and hence noticing the symptoms is very crucial. The symptoms are categorized into three stages.
First stage or early stage of HIV
In this stage, the symptoms might resemble the flu or a viral fever, which are as follows.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Sore throat
- Aching muscles
- Swollen lymph nodes
There can be several other symptoms, but these are the most common symptoms that occur in the early stages of HIV infection. In the early stage, HIV medication can be of great help, if identified correctly.
Second stage or the chronic HIV infection
In this stage, the immune system of the body loses its battle with HIV, and the flu-like symptoms go away. The HIV reproduces very slowly, and most people do not have noticing symptoms, which can be felt or seen. During this period, all the untreated HIV kills the CD4 cells, thereby destroying the immune system of the body.
Third stage or AIDS
This is the final stage and is the advanced stage of HIV infection where the count of CD4 cells drops below 200, and the noted symptoms are as follows:
- Extreme tiredness
- Rapid weight loss
- Recurring fever
- Sores on the mouth, genitals or anus
- Profuse night sweats
There can be some other symptoms as well, and the affected individuals should follow HIV medication to lead a life as close to normal as possible in the situation.