When a tumor within the body starts advancing uncontrollably, it can result in cancer. The uncontrollable growth of cells in prostate gland damaging tissue causes prostate cancer. This is one of the most common cancers leading to death in the country.
Risk factors for prostate cancer
The symptoms of prostate cancer are still unknown to people; however, there are various risk factors related to the disease.
- Poor diet
Reducing the risk of prostate cancer
As early signs of prostate cancer vary form person to person and the various factors affecting people on large, the exact prevention method of this cancer is yet to be found. However, undertaking certain measures sure can lower the risk which includes,
- High intake of fruits, vegetables and whole grains over
- Avoid junk and refined grain foods
- Certain supplements can lead to this cancer which indicates that it is better to consult a healthcare practitioner before taking any supplements or vitamins
Treatments for prostate cancer
According to a study, it implies that men aged 50 with an average risk of prostate cancer can live more than 10 years. However, deciding the appropriate treatment procedure for prostate cancer is dependent on the severity of the patient’s condition. The therapy for prostate cancer is performed by various renowned medical organizations in the country including Mayo Clinic, Northwestern Memorial Hospital and University of North Carolina Hospitals.
Massachusetts General Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute perform the radiation therapy including internal and external beam radiation to treat prostate cancer. The mapping of the affected are in your prostate is done by 3D-CRT and through IGRT, doctors can take photographs for deciding the radiation area.
- Hormone Therapy
Hormone therapy is used when there is an excessive advancement of cancer all over the body on which radiation and surgery no longer work. This therapy for prostate cancer has different types including LHRH agonists, surgical castration and CYP17 inhibitor.
When the hormone therapy does not show a positive result, chemotherapy is performed taking help of certain medicines that include Estramustine, Cabazitaxel, Docetaxel, and Mitoxantrone. As these medicines can attack the growth of cells, the advancement of the diseases is restricted quickly. However, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, allergic reaction, fatigue, and hair loss are common side effects of this therapy for prostate cancer.